TOCAR O SIGNIFICADO HUMANO DA PELE PDF
Alçamento da vogal pretônica e na fala dos habitantes de Corodamandel - MG e Monte Carmelo - nissart.info · Alfabetização Sindrome Down · Festa No Quilombo. Título do livro: Tocar: O significado humano da pele Autor: Ashley Montagu Editora: Summus by tânia_ikeoka Baixe no formato PDF ou leia online no Scribd. PDF | Palliative caregivers and clinical thanatologists are professionals who A preview of the PDF is not available Tocar: o significado humano da pele.
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Montagu A. Tocar: o significado humano da pele. 5a ed. pt_pdf. Savieto RM, Silva MJ. Toque terapêutico na cicatrização de lesões da pele de cobaias. Montagu A. Tocar – o significado humano da pele. São Paulo: Summus Pele e psiquismo, psicossomática e relações objetais: características relacionais de. [ Links ]. 8. Montagu A. Tocar: o significado humano da pele. 5a ed. Disponível em: nissart.info [ Links ].
Since the tactile fibers are more myelinated than the nervous ones thick fibers , the tactile stimulus reaches the cord faster, inhibiting the thin fibers, which carry the painful stimulus. Besides that, when the hypothalamus is stimulated, endorphins and enkephalins are released and they have an action similar to morphine, acting over pain and generating a feeling of pleasure Since the hypothalamus is the mediator system for emotions and regulates visceral functions, tactile stimulus may act over the autonomous system, relieving stress and anxiety However, touching does not encompass only the physical aspect, but also an affective experience.
This is due to the fact that nervous receptors, which are touch sensory elements, induce neurologic, glandular, muscle, and mental changes, which combined may produce or trigger emotions Like other complementary therapies, the therapeutic touch is an auxiliary treatment, not replacing conventional treatment, and should be done in parallel to the treatment plan proposed by the health professional team A study using complementary application of therapeutic touch in women with breast cancer on chemotherapy demonstrated a reduction in side effects of the medication, such as nausea, vomiting, mucositis, anorexia, abdominal pain, esophagitis, diarrhea, and bowel constipation.
This practice represented, therefore, an important tool to plan and implement nursing care to be dlivered by the nursing team to oncologic patients under chemotherapy Another study addressed the use of massage as a means to grant comfort to women during labor, and demonstrated the therapeutic value of this procedure in promoting relaxation and relieving pain in that moment The application of therapeutic touch also proved beneficial to a polytrauma patient during his hospital stay, decreasing the intensity of "referred pain" by using the Pain Scale and, as a consequence, reducing the use of analgesics.
It also led to improvement in arterial blood pressure and in the quality of sleep and rest Considering the benefits reported in the literature in regard to the use of therapeutic touch, this study proposes to investigate its use as a way to give relief to stress experienced by neonates admitted to the NICU. To compare vital signs of newborns admitted to neonatal intensive care before and after the application of therapeutic touch.
This is a quasi-experimental field study, of quantitative approach. In the present study there was manipulation of variables, in this case the use of therapeutic touch independent variable , and vital signs dependent variable. The same group of NBs was assessed in regard to vital signs before control group and after experimental group the application of the therapeutic touch. Nevertheless, this choice was on purpose, since the first NBs admitted to the NICU during the data collection period were included in the sample.
The sample consisted of 40 NBs admitted to the NICU during October , having their legal guardians agreed to their participation in the research, and signing the Informed Consent Form.
To collect the data, an instrument was designed encompassing information on the epidemiologic profile of the NBs and the vital signs before and after the application of therapeutic touch: It consists of five behavioral parameters and one physiological indicator evaluated before, during and after acute invasive procedures. Therapeutic touch was applied soon after painful procedures in the NB, and before starting it, a warm, well-ventilated and relaxing environment was provided, using reassuring background music at low volume The steps of the technique in NB are herein described: Sessions lasted from 20 to 30 minutes, and further attention was dedicated to the ill parts of the body 19, Considering that the paired samples are dependent to evaluate the variation in NB vital signs after the therapeutic touch session, Wilcoxon signed rank test was used.
The analyses of the NBs vital signs before and after the therapeutic touch session demonstrated that the mean values were lower after the session for all parameters, especially pain score, which had a considerable reduction - from 3. Therapeutic touch has been the subject of many studies and publications, as an alternative measure of comfort and well-being.
The investigations aimed to demonstrate scientific evidence of its use correlate the touch mainly to reduced pain and stress and to induction of relaxation 14,21, These effects and many others are justified due to the close relation between the integumentary and nervous systems.
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In the embryonic phase, the epithelial and nervous systems are formed from cell differentiation from the ectoderm, a surface formed by cells that surround the whole embryonic body. Hence the functional complexity of the skin and its capacity as organ that modulates stimuli to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal center There is, therefore, continuous communication between the skin and the encephalus, which generates many events caused by endogenous hormones released in the blood flow and influences different systems in the body In spite of the emphasis in drug treatment, the literature demonstrates that many non-pharmaceutical methods, such as changes in the hospital environment, making it a more adequate place for the child, decrease anxiety and fear, which may exacerbate pain.
The following strategies are understood as non-pharmaceutical measures used to relieve pain and discomfort: It is therefore believed that the drop in vital signs after the therapeutic touch session may be related to tactile and kinesthetic stimulation of the baby.
A Brazilian study with 30 elderly patients that had the objective of evaluating the effect of therapeutic touch in chronic pain, in self-rating depression and sleep, also demonstrated significant reduction in pain These data reinforce the ones found in the present study, in which the pain score presented by the NBs was also reduced after the use of this strategy, like other vital signs.
During data collection, the researchers of this study noted that the use of therapeutic touch in the NB also contributed to calm down the mothers, by noticing their children more relaxed after the application of the technique, especially after suffering a painful procedure.
At the end of the session, the NB was really more relaxed, with calm face, sleeping for 1 or 2 hours, remaining calm after waking up. The stimuli related to maternal care and from the environment are the mediators of the continuous neurobiological development of the NB and, above all, they determine the organization of the functioning neural networks, besides regulating the responses to the situations of pleasure and frustration The results reinforce, once again, the importance of therapeutic touch as an effective strategy to render comfort to the NB, and at the same time, tranquility to the mothers, enabling them to more effectively participate in the child's care, since they also interact with their babies during the therapy.
This study corroborates the result of another research that used a technique with similar principles of placing hands and energy channeling - Reiki.
This research verified that biological changes may be generated within a limited time frame, demonstrating the potential of this resource to improve clinically factors relevant to health status of the individuals Although the results demonstrated effectiveness of therapeutic touch in decreasing vital signs, further studies with larger samples are needed to validate these findings.
There were significant changes in all vital signs after the therapeutic touch, especially in pain score.
The study demonstrated the effectiveness of therapeutic touch in the babies' relaxation and pain reduction. Therapeutic touch is, therefore, a powerful humanizing strategy, since besides relieving pain and providing comfort to the NB, it fosters closer affective bonds between the child and their family members. Moreira ME. Analyzing Multimodal Interaction: A Methodological Framework. Routledge, The canine olfactory subgenome.
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PYLE, J. Skilled Interpersonal Communication: Research, Theory and Practice. Comedy Central Benefit for Rx Laughter - Teaching of Psychology Journal, vol. A Arte de Escrever Bem: Editora Contexto. In "A laugh on the ocean wave":A study using complementary application of therapeutic touch in women with breast cancer on chemotherapy demonstrated a reduction in side effects of the medication, such as nausea, vomiting, mucositis, anorexia, abdominal pain, esophagitis, diarrhea, and bowel constipation.
The Study of Human Interaction. Such proximity would allow the development of different teaching methods for draping specifically to the visually impaired student.
MONTAGU Ashley - A Mente Da Pele-1
Image 1 Source : IBGE , Cesnsu , The most difficult obstacle faced by the visually impaired is the inclusion in learning, specifically in the areas that uses highly visual methodologies as is the fashion areas. Kellerman, J. Cypel S. Cartilha do Censo Journal o f social issues, 27 , Nurco, D.