INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY+EBOOK+
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TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION TO THE ANTHOLOGY! Now, all of these introspective and philosophical articles make me sound. Cambridge IGCSE Accounting eBook · Catherine Coucom · Cambridge International Examinations Series. Cambridge University Press (). US $ VEDANTA FOR BEGINNERS | INTRO+EBOOK | SWAMI SIVANANDA .. is changed into gold through the touch of the philosopher's stone.
White Donald H. Add to Wishlist. Product added! Browse Wishlist. The product is already in the wishlist! Read more. Thinking Things Through: Fundamentals Chapter 1. Basic Concepts of Reasoning and Argumentation Chapter 2. Diagramming Reasoning: An Introduction Chapter 3. Evaluating Arguments Part 2: Argument Structure Chapter 4: Deep Diagramming: Reasons for and Against Chapter 5: Forms of Argument Chapter 6: Constructing Arguments Chapter 7: Reconstructing Arguments Chapter 8: Fallacies Part 3: Tools for Reasoning Chapter 9: Categorical Logic Chapter Sentence Logic Chapter Radio Benjamin From to , Walter Benjamin wrote and presented more than eighty broadcasts over the new medium of radio.
Radio Benjamin gathers, for the first time in English, the surviving transcripts. Delightful and incisive, this is Walter Benjamin directing his sophisticated thinking to a mass audience. CTE Family Therapy: Walker asked whether the clinician treating Carlos should have violated Carlos's confidentiality and told Consuela that Carlos had HIV. Walker asked the extent, if any, to which clinicians should also take into account the interest of other parties, such as a sibling like Consuela, and whether Carlos should have taken more responsibility so as to not exploit Consuela's good will under conditions of ignorance.
This question is made more complex because if a psychiatrist takes the initiative to raise this issue of informing others upon him- or herself, this may adversely affect the therapeutic relationship he or she has with the patient, whereas some patients may feel a greater trust of the psychiatrist, knowing that the psychiatrist had sufficient moral concern and the willingness, despite this risk, to do this. Ethical arguments may be able to show definitively what is not right, such as the notorious research done at Tuskeegee, which, as readers recall, involved researchers who withheld treatment for syphilis in several African-American men, despite having treatment available, in order to study the untreated course of the disease.
Ethical arguments may not, however, be able to show what is right. An example, here, might be whether or not to allow assisted suicide. In instances in which ethical arguments cannot determine what the outcome should be, the soundest approach may then be to change the question from what the decision should be to who should decide.
Reasonable people may reasonably disagree on what the decision should be, but may wholly agree on who should decide. When the patient is an infant or child, for instance, most would agree that so long as certain conditions exist, parents should be the ones who make decisions for their children. Psychiatrists should know good ethical arguments from bad ones. One example of an argument likely to be flawed is an argument based only on a most remote possibility.
Suppose, for example, a patient has incurable cancer and is trying to decide whether or not to try chemotherapy. While there may be many good reasons for this patient to try chemotherapy, doing it because a new drug may be discovered in the near future that will cure the cancer is probably not among these good reasons because this is not at all likely to occur.
Another flawed argument involves the law. The patient's psychiatrist may believe that his or her own best protection from a possible lawsuit is to hospitalize the patient, even though this goes against the will of the patient. However, the patient may benefit more over the long term from continuing to see the psychiatrist as an outpatient. The psychiatrist's preferable ethical choice may then be to pursue seeing the patient more frequently, but as an outpatient, even though as a result, this patient's short-term risk of committing suicide might be increased.
Consider this: The number of suicidal patients actually killing themselves could be reduced greatly by keeping all suicidal patients in restraints. Obviously, this would not be in the best long-term interest of any patient. Psychiatrists should always consider the law first, but be willing to depart from the law somewhat in order to do what is best for their patients.
If a psychiatrist is sued, the fact that his or her actions were driven by doing what he or she thought was best for the patient will be his or her best defense. Thus, psychiatrists should anticipate how decisions will affect these relationships. Psychiatrists know well that maintaining positive relationships with their patients is of utmost importance—studies confirm this repeatedly.
Here I shall use as an example a patient I saw in which I did not do this. A patient came to see me with his wife. He was having some difficulty with his memory. I asked him what medications he was taking and how often he was taking them. He could not tell me exactly how often he was taking his medications. I, without thinking, looked at his wife and asked her if she could keep track of this for him so that she could tell me the next time we all met.
As I said this to her, I saw him flinch, and I immediately regretted I had said this—I had infantilized him in front of his wife.
This is an example, I fear to say, of what healthcare providers do all too frequently to patients with AD. We talk with the patient's caregiver as if the patient is not there.
Ethically, it makes sense that this patient's wife should keep track of his medications. Handling it the way I did, however, was insulting and could have undermined our relationship. Consequently, I now routinely ask all patients I see with AD whether it is okay with them for me to speak with their partners about them. I tend to do this no matter what stage of AD they are in. This makes sense, in part, because patients with AD may retain full emotional sensitivity even after they have lost their capacity for cognition.
I have wondered, on occasion, why I do this. Their partners give me the answer. The caregivers of these patients tell me that the patients cherish our meetings like little else.
Five Skills Psychiatrists Should Have in Order to Provide Patients with Optimal Ethical Care
I believe psychiatrists should also try to keep in contact with these patients' caregivers even after the patients have lost the capacity to recognize the caregivers or have died. In this instance, unlike perhaps Kohut's theory, every psychiatrist is not replaceable. Conclusion All psychiatric decisions at some level involve underlying ethical conflicts. When these conflicts are significant, psychiatrists should concomitantly and separately assess them.
This requires different assessment skills. More specifically, psychiatrists might particularly consider what information their patients might find useful and then consider sharing this information, even when patients do not ask.
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Do-not-resuscitate orders in suicidal patients: clinical, ethical, and legal dilemmas. Oduncu FS, Sahm S. Doctor-cared dying instead of physician-assisted suicide: a perspective from Germany. Med Health Care Philos. Murphy TF. The ethics of helping transgender men and women have children. Perspect Biol Med.
Balancing in ethical deliberation: superior to specification and casuistry. J Med Phil. Normative versus consequential ethics in sexually violent predator laws: an ethics conundrum for psychiatry. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. Strous RD. Ethical considerations in clinical training, care and research in psychopharmacology. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. On the elicitation of preferences for alternative therapies.
N Engl J Med. McNeil C. Early-stage lung cancer findings end a debate, put focus on next steps. J Natl Cancer Inst.
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The right not to know and preimplantation genetic diagnosis for Huntington's disease. J Med Ethics. Advance directives for truth disclosure. McCullough LB. The physician's virtues and legitimate self-interest in the patient-physician contract. Mt Sinai J Med. Changes in physicians' attitudes toward telling the cancer patient. Surbone A. Telling the truth to patients with cancer: what is the truth? Lancet Oncol.
When family requests withholding the diagnosis: who owns the truth? J Oncol Pract. Marzanski M. On telling the truth to patients with dementia. West J Med. Toward a theory of schizophrenia.
In: Berger M, editor. Beyond the Double Bind. Extreme cognitive interviewing: a blueprint for false memories through imagination inflation. Int J Clin Exp Hypn. The effect of interviewing techniques on young children's responses to questions. Child Care Health Dev. Children's eyewitness memory: a comparison of two interviewing strategies as realized by health professionals. J Exp Child Psychol.
Approach-avoidance coping conflict in a sample of burn patients at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder.
Kozier and Erb's Fundamentals of Nursing eBook, 4th Edition
Depress Anxiety. Stress-induced out-of-context activation of memory. PLoS Biol. Accessed 7 Jan Ahmed SF, Rodie M. Investigation and initial management of ambiguous genitalia. Kohut H. New York: International Universities Press; Miller WR, Rollnick S. Motivational Interviewing. Second Edition. New York: Guilford Press; Clinician acquisition and retention of motivational interviewing skills: a two-and-a-half year exploratory study.
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Therapist-delivered internet psychotherapy for depression in primary care: a randomized controlled trial. A feasibility study of the use of asynchronous telepsychiatry for psychiatric consultations. Psychiatr Serv. Ghaemi SN.
The Rise and Fall of the Biopsychosocial Model. Withholding, discontinuing and withdrawing medications in dementia patients at the end of life. Drugs Aging. Miller FG. End-of-life care for patients with dementia. N Eng J Med. Switching from donepezil tablets to rivastigmine transdermal patch in Alzheimer's disease. Clin Ther. Insulin and the CNS: effects on food intake, memory, and endocrine parameters and the role of intranasal insulin administration in humans.
Physiol Behav.We headed for the exit of the Exclusion Zone faster than Trotsky heading the Politburo. The variety of topics should make it possible for instructors to tailor an introductory class toward their areas of expertise. On telling the truth to patients with dementia. I would give the text high markings for clarity. And here we are today, where we can easily share several photos per day.
The prose is clear and written for the comprehension of students undertaking the study of Sociology. Bias does not appear to play a role in this text. Yes, I do that, I suppose.
There format is logical and has a natural progression.
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